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GAME TACTICS

Playing Segment

Playing Time

Set Defense

Pressing Defense

Double-Team/Crowding

Stealing from the Dribbler

Ages 7-8

Equal playing time

Only player-to-player defense throughout the competition

Pressing is not allowed throughout the competition

Double-team/crowding is not allowed throughout the competition

Stealing from a dribbler is not allowed throughout the competition

Ages 9-11

Equal playing time in periods 1-3. Coaches discretion in the 4th period and each extra period

Only player-to-player defense throughout the competition

Player-to-player defense may be extended full court in the 4th period and each extra period

Leading team may not extend the defense over half court when leading by 25 points or more

Double-team/crowding is not allowed throughout the competition

Coaches discretion throughout the competition

Ages 12-14

Coaches discretion throughout the competition

All allowed throughout the competition at coaches discretion

Pressing allowed throughout the competition

Leading team may not press when leading by 25 points or more

Allowed throughout the competition at coaches discretion

Coaches discretion throughout the competition

Grades 9-12

Coaches

discretion throughout the competition

All allowed throughout the competition at coaches discretion

Pressing allowed throughout the competition

Allowed throughout the competition at coaches discretion

Coaches discretion throughout the competition

Definitions:

  • Player-to-Player Defense –
    • Each player is responsible for guarding and moving with one offensive player.  This requires the defensive player to move according to the offensive player’s movements with or without the ball.
    • The defensive player must stay on the same side of the court as the offensive player, divided by the rim line.
    • If an offensive player with the ball advances past their defensive player, another defender may rotate to guard that offensive player.
  • Pressing Defense – Defensive guarding, either on or off the ball, within the backcourt.
  • Double-Team/Crowding – Two or more defensive players guarding a single offensive player

 

RATIONALE

Double-Team/Crowding: Crowding the ball with multiple players (referred to as “double-teaming”) is not allowed for 7-8 or 9-11 year-olds due to skill and size discrepancies among children at these ages. Crowding is allowed for 12-14 year-olds and older to remain consistent with pressing defense standards.

Playing Time: To ensure that all young children participating in the sport have an opportunity to experience the game, equal and fair playing time is recommended for 7-8 year-olds.  For 9-11 year-olds, equal playing time is recommended for periods 1-3, while allowing coaches discretion in the 4th and extra periods. Equal and fair playing time is encouraged throughout all segments.

Pressing Defense: Pressing defense is prohibited for 7-8 year-olds to help children develop principles of movement with and without the ball in a half-court setting. For 9-11 year-olds, permitting player-to-player defense to extend full-court in the 4th and extra periods allows players to become accustomed to full-court defense while not having to understand sophisticated zone presses.  It also allows for an introduction to competitive tactics.

Set Defense: The player-to-player requirement for 7-8 and 9-11 year-olds encourages physical activity and movement, and promotes the development of individual skill related to guarding a player both on and off the ball.

Stealing from the Dribbler: At ages 7-8, players are not allowed to steal the ball from an active dribbler.  This allows ball-handlers to develop dribbling skills and confidence with the basketball.